Marketing of Forest Reproductive Material in the Netherlands
Because so small a proportion of plants of the species covered by the Directive on Forest Reproductive Material (1999/105) grown in Holland are actually used for forest planting the Dutch authorities, unlike those in other countries, when it implemented the Directive, chose to allow nurseries to market these plants under the implementing Directives for Ornamentals (Directives 93/49/EEC and 99/66/EC) and/or the Rootstock Directive 93/61/EEC rather than under the FRM Directive. These Directives require no such suppliers’ documentation on genetic quality and origin unless, when the order is placed, the purchaser specifies that the material ordered must be suitable for forest use. When this is made clear then FRM suppliers’ documents are provided but such certified material requires extra control measures which inevitably raises the price.
Plants marketed under the FRM Directive must be covered by a Suppliers document but this may be of more than one form. It may be based upon a template provided by the Dutch authorities or it may be a document prepared by the nursery itself. The suppliers document based upon the official template is as shown:
This document will be supplied in either English, French or German depending upon the favoured language of the recipient.
A Master Certificate (Basiscertificaat), the number for which is quoted at the top left of the above document has the following form. It is an official form, is written in Dutch and must have been issued before the FRM can be marketed.
The Master Certificate number begins with the letters NL to indicate it was established in The Netherlands and gives the number (31) of the certifier, they year (05) and the sequential number of the certificate. The significance of the
number quoted under paragraph 5 can be found below in the explanation of the Netherlands region of provenance.
Typical supplier’s documents designed by the nurseries themselves are as follows
Some of the information provided on these documents may not be clear to the purchaser but the explanation of the symbols used and codes will be available on the Supplier’s document website of the respective country e.g. D Germany and UK Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Regions of Provenance in The Netherlands.
The whole of the Netherlands is considered as one region of provenance for all species covered in the FRM Directive. No significantly different ecological conditions have been identified to justify more regions. However the one region is divided into eight sub-regions (Gebieden), which are further divided into Districts (Districten) and within each District from 0 to 37 different provenances (Herkomsten) are recognised. Every ten years a list of provenances recommended for use in forestry is issued by the Netherlands authorities and only these may be certified by the designated authority (Naktuinbouw).
The following map gives the recommended provenances as of the year 2000.
The numbers of the sub-regions districts and provenances are used to identify the basic material in the National Register. In the examples of the Master Certificate and Supplier’s certificate using the official template above, these references are NL.T.3.3. 10 - 01 and NL S.3.3.24 01. The 3.3 indicates that both collections were made in District 3 of sub-region 3 one in provenance region 10 Nuenen and the other in provenance region 24 Boxmeer. In both cases the collection was made from stand 01 in these
regions. The letter T indicates that the seed was collected from a Tested stand and the labels on the sack would have been blue; S means that the seed was collected from a Selected stand and would have been supplied with green labels.
In past years very large collections of Quercus robur were made for sale abroad and were given the description NL2. These collections came from mainly avenue trees in sub-region 2. Such collections are now rarely made and are classified only as Source Identified material with a yellow label.
Nederlandse Bond van Boomkwekers
The Forest Nursery industry in the Netherlands is represented by the Nederlandse Bond van Boomkwekers (NBvB) in its dealings with the Dutch Authorities. Its website can be accessed by clicking here.