European Forestry Nursery Association

Germany / Deutschland



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The delivery note is the only document recognised in German law for providing the information required under the EU Directive. Below are a typical two-page delivery note (German Lieferschein) for plants and a list of the officially approved abbreviations for forest plant names.

Delivery Note

List of Official Abbreviations

The statutory information follows the plant or seed description in German and is in a very abbreviated form which can be difficult to follow for a non-German speaker.

After the species there follows a five figure number which designates the region of provenance by species - the first three numbers are a code by species and the last two the code for the region of provenance. These can differ between species. Next follows the name of that region which may include whether the stand is autochthonous or non-autochthonous.

The written descriptions (in German) of the Regions of Provenance for the different species can be found can be found by clicking here.
and the actual maps by species of the Regions of Provenance can be found by clicking here.

The species code has been the same for many years but the regions of provenance boundaries were changed in the mid-90’s following unification of the two halves of Germany and a thorough review of the latest scientific data. A full explanation of the new system will be found at the bottom of this website as soon as it has been added.

On the next line is the Stammzertifikat Nr = the Master Certificate number which is the letter D followed by groups of five, five and three digits. The words Stammzertifikat Nr are not always included.

If the name of the region of provenance does not include whether the stand is autochthonous or not this is given on the next line.

The next line gives the category of material thus

- Ausgewähltes Vermehrungsgut which means selected stand (permitted for forest use) and which can be abbreviated to AG, or

- EB FoWi which is short for Erntebestand fur multifunktionale Forstwirtshaft meaning a seed stand (or forest) where it is possible to harvest seed for use in Forestry. This is followed by a distinct number for the sequential collection made in that stand, or

- nicht unter den FoVG erzeugtes Vermehrungsgut means the seed was not collected under the German Forest Law. or

- QG or QU = source identified which in Germany cannot be used in the forest. or

- QF = Qualified source or

- GP = Tested source

Other abbreviations used :-

GaLa = for landscape construction

wsA = material satisfying less stringent requirements

IStr after shrub species means small bush with 3 to 5 shoots, depending on species

For items of seed on the delivery note after the origin and category the physical quality of the seed is given. The abbreviations used are:

RH = Purity; LFK bei 40% SF = number of live seeds per kg measured at 40% moisture content; ZLS = number of viable seed per kg The name of the seed testing station and their test number and date are also stated.

Forest Legislation in Germany

An unofficial translation of the German Forest Law (FoVG) can be found below. The EU Directive allowed the German Authorities to implement one of the options by restricting the approval and the marketing to the end user of forest reproductive material of the source identified category.

For the following species, stands or seed sources may be approved under the category "source identified" only for the production of reproductive material which is not intended for forestry purposes.

- Acer platanoides (Norway Maple)
- Carpinus betulus (Hornbeam)
- Betula pendula (Silver Birch)
- Betula pubescens (Downy Birch)
- Prunus avium (Wild cherry)
- Robinia pseudoacacia (Black Locust)
- Tilia platyphyllus (Large-leaved Lime)

The delivering of forest reproductive material to the end user of the category *source identified" for forestry purposes is prohibited.

Regions of Provenance in Germany

The following two pictures show how German Regions of Provenance have been modified in recent years. The map on the left in each photo shows the old zones, that on the right the new zones. Although the species codes 818 and 840 have remained the same, the region boundaries and the names of the regions have changed.


Old and new Regions od Provenance Quercus petraea

Old and new Regions of Provenance Quercus robur

Enlarged maps of the new Regions of Provenance for Quercus petraea and Quercus robur and lists of the regions names and details are given below.

Fuller descriptions (in German) of the new Regions of Provenance for the different species can be found by clicking here.

and the actual maps by species of the new Regions of Provenance can be found by clicking here.


Current Regions of Provenance Quercus petraea

Description of regions of Provenance Quercus petraea

Current Regions of Provenance Quercus robur

Description of regions of Provenance Quercus robur

ZüF and Isogen

EFNA's concern about the influence of ZüF on the German market place are detailed under News in this website. Briefly, EFNA has obtained legal opinion that the Governments of Bavaria and Baden Württemberg have been breaking European Union law on a number of issues, including imposing an additional certification procedure on Forest Reproductive Material being marketed in these two States.

EFNA therefore views the emergence of another new certification scheme run under the name Isogen, in other parts of the Federal Republic with growing concern. It is keeping a close watch on the development of this scheme in order that there will be no further restrictions on its members from marketing Forest Reproductive Material properly certified according to the EU Directive 1999/105 in all other part of the country.


In Germany special types of forest, Sonderherkunf, are recognised and seed and plants from them are much sought after. These Sonderherkunft are truly indigenous to the areas and have been shown to have existed without adulteration on the same site since the last ice age. A full explanation and rationale for their use (in German) is given in the following .pdf file of a leaflet celebrating 50 years of the DKV (Gutegemeinschaft fur forstliches Vermehrungsgut e.V.)

Verband Deutscher Forstbaumschulen e.V.

The German Forest Nursery industry is represented by the VDF, which plays a lead roll in passing on the views of the industry to the Federal Government. The VDF is an amalgamation of the two organisations, the Arbeitskreises Deutscher Forstbaumschulen and the Bundesverband Forstamen, Forstpflanzen e.V which until July 1st 2000 had both carried out this function, the former mainly for North German companies and the latter mainly for South German companies.

The Secretariat of the VDF is located in the Hamburg area but full details can be found by clicking here. The site also includes an on-line market.