A / Typical Austrian Invoice
B / Typical Austrian Delivery Note for Plants / Lieferschein
C / Typical Austrian Delivery Note for Seeds / Lieferschein
In general the invoice is used in Austria as the supplier`s document because nursery companies have to keep the invoice for 10 years. This is laid down in the Austrian FRM Act.
An example of an invoice is given above at A
In the past the delivery note equivalent to the supplier`s document had no legal standing for Austrian seed and plant companies, but since 2003 the larger companies are issuing supplier`s documents providing all the required information. They are similar in form to the following example of a Lieferschein (delivery note) for plants at B.
An explanation of the terms used in both documents is as follows:
- Botanical name, Austrian name,
- register reference of the seed stand [Es 5(7.1/sm: 300-600m)],
- age of plant Alter [2/0 or 2+0],
- master certificate number [Stammzert.-Nr.: A/40401-04/2003 or St.Zert.: ……..],
- category [ausgewählt = selected],
- origin [autochthone],
- purpose [forstlicher Zweck = forestry purpose]
- Year of seed ripening if not given in full [Rj]
- St.Zert.Nr.: “nicht FVG 2003” In this special case the seed or plants were grown from seed in stock before 1st January 2003.
For seed where special additional information is required the Lieferschein for seeds may look like C.
An explanation of the special terms used in the seed document C) are as follows:
- LOHNANZUCHT = service contract
- purity [R: 100%],
- germination percentage [KF: 93%],
- weight per 1000 seeds [TKG: 170,76g],
- number of viable seeds per kilogram [lK/kg:
THE AUSTRIAN FOREST NURSERY INDUSTRY AND LEGISLATION
Austrian Forest Plant Producers Association
The Association (Hauptverband der Forstpflanzenproduzenten Österreichs) was established in the 1960s. Details of its aims and membership as well as a plant exchange for members can be accessed via its website by clicking here.
Background to the Austrian Legislation
The Act and the Regulation covering the marketing of Forest Reproductive Material in Austria came into force on 1 January 2003; it is based on the European Directive 1999/105/EC and is known as “Forstliches Vermehrungsgutgesetz und dazugehöriger Verordnung” (FVG und VO 2003), [BGBl. I Nr. 110/2002 und BGBl. II Nr. 480/2002].
A synopsis of the law can be found in German at the www.bundesamt-wald.at website: by clicking here.
Only 3 categories of Forest Reproductive Material are used in Austria:
- “source identified” exclusively for species newly covered by law
- “selected” for seed stands
- “qualified” for seed orchards and poplar clones
THE AUSTRIAN REGIONS OF PROVENANCE
Austria has a single regional division, valid for all tree species. The delimitation of the regions depends primarly on the natural distribution of the main species, special consideration being given to forest climatological differences. Thus, the different areas identified are largely to be considered as areas with identical ecological conditions. The present division recognises 22 regions of provenance. Ecologically similar regions of provenance are concentrated in 9 forest regions coloured differently on the map.
The map of the Austrian regions of provenance is given below but a full size pdf version can be viewed by clicking on the image.
The boundaries of the regions of provenance are established on a map and published under the regulation supplementing the FRM. Act. The exact locations of the stands are not marked on the map but their location can be seen from sketches of maps available in the “National Register” of the Federal Forest Office.
The regions of provenance are based on the forest growth regions. The main criteria used are the regional climate and forest community in each region followed by geomorphological factors and the forest site. Within the region of provenance the altitudinal zones are very important and they are based on climate and vegetation. There are 7 different altitudinal zones recognised (kollin, submontan, tiefmontan, mittelmontan, hochmontan, tiefsubalpin and hochsubalpin). Therefore within each region of provenance there are altitudinal zones which may be different in their “metres above sea level” between regions. For example the “mittelmontan” altitudinal zone varies in region 1.3 from 1100-1400m but in regions 4.1 and 4.2 the zone varies from 800 – 1200m and in region 6.2 from 1000 –1100m. For planting the same tree species in different areas and from different regions of provenance it is very important to use the altitudinal zones and not the height above sea level.
A diagramatic representation of the altitude zones and the actual elevation limits for each type can be seen by clicking on the icons below.
Diagramatic representation of altitudinal zones
Numerical definition of altitudinal zones
Tree Species abbreviations.
On all documents the abbreviations in the following table are used in the national register references. The different categories of material available for each specis are also shown. Please click on the icon below for an enlarged image.
Abbreviations and categories by species
THE REGISTER REFERENCE OF FOREST REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL
On each invoice and delivery note, whichever is acting as the Supplier’s document there is a number code which identifies the exact location of the stand, orchard or stool-bed from which the seed or other Forest Reproductive Material was collected or taken. This code is the reference which appears in the National Register of Basic Material held by the Federal Forest Office. These references vary according to the category of the material registered; examples of the four types are given below:
A. Source Identified - used only for species newly added to the law.
D. Qualified Poplar
Click on the respective icons below to show the derivation of the numbers used for the above categories of material
A. Source Identified
B. Selected Material
C. Qualiified Material
D. Qualified Poplar
THE MASTER CERTIFICATE NUMBER
The Master Certificate number that appears on the Supplier’s document is allocated by the
District Forest Authorities which belong to the Provincial Forest Technical Departments and run consecutively each year. For material bought in from outside the European Union the number used instead of the Master Certificate number is that of the import permit for the material, which is issued by the Federal Forest Office. The format of each is shown below:
Master Certificate Number
Number for imported material